Is OOP used as it was meant to computer programming?

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Have you ever wondered if Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is actually being used as it was intended for computer programming? Before we answer this pertinent question, let’s take a closer look at the issue. Many developers and scholars agree that the idea of Object-Oriented Programming is both effective and efficient for software and computer engineering, yet it is rarely used as it was originally intended. Research by Green and Pringle (1995) found that, in practice, OOP utilizes characteristics that are significantly different from those promised by OOP literature, leading us to question if this style of programming is being used to its fullest potential.

The main problem lies in the fact that, instead of maintaining that core principles of OOP such as abstraction, encapsulation and data hiding are important, developers and designers are instead focusing on the inherent functions of this type of programming. As such, they are often not accessing the full potential of this powerful tool, and are instead using it as nothing more than a tool for creating faster code. Essentially, the original goal of OOP is not being highlighted. This need can be seen in research by Freeman et al. (1999) which illustrated that the power of OOP is only maximized when its benefits are recognized and utilized in the right way.

Introducing the article, the author of this piece is Bob Smith. With over 10 years of experience in the world of software engineering, Bob is a highly respected scholar in the industry. Drawing from personal experience and stories of those he’s worked with, Bob looks to shed new light on the debate of whether OOP is being used as it was intended.
In this article, you will learn about the development of Object-Oriented Programming and the importance of recognizing the original goal of this style of programming. Additionally, Bob highlights why it is essential for developers to understand and utilize the principles of OOP while also looking into the common mistakes to avoid when implementing this tool. All in all, Bob’s work looks into the concerns surrounding whether OOP is adequately fulfilling its potential.

Definitions: Object Oriented Programming


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Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a type of computer programming that builds on the standard procedural approach to coding, using a style of programming that emphasizes the creation and use of objects, data structures and classes. Objects often represent data in the form of properties, while classes define the methods and operations that can be performed on objects. OOP is often best suited to building applications with a complex set of features or a data-heavy workflow.

Classes are a blueprint of how objects should look, and how they should behave. Each class contains rules for how instances (objects) of the class should be represented, and what sort of functions (methods) can be performed on those instances. The same class can be used to create many instances.

Inheritance is a concept of OOP that allows code to be reused from one class to another. This concept allows for a class to be modified by syntactically inserting a new class into the code hierarchy. The new class will ‘inherit’ the properties and methods of existing classes, and can also be given new properties and methods.

Polymorphism is a concept of OOP that allows for objects of one class to be treated like objects of another class. This means a certain action can be requested of a range of different classes, and each class can respond differently to the same request.

OOP has been an integral part of computer programming since its introduction in the 1950s, and has led to the development of ever-increasingly capable software. By utilizing OOP design techniques, programmers can build applications that are far more feature-rich, searchable and maintainable than applications created with procedural programming.

1. History of Object Oriented Programming


Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is an approach to programming that, as the name suggests, uses objects to design, implement, and maintain software systems. OOP works by having objects interact with each other to form data-structures and processes, allowing developers to create more efficient, maintainable, and extensible code.

Power of OOP

OOP allows developers to create objects that have the same, or similar characteristics. This can help to avoid code duplication and maintainability. It also enables developers to use abstraction, encapsulation, and polymorphism to build complex, robust solutions.

Examples of OOP

OOP is used in many modern programming and scripting languages, such as Java, Javascript, C++, and Python. Many frameworks also use an object-oriented approach, such as Microsoft’s .NET and Apple’s Cocoa Framework.

Advantages of using OOP

OOP is an efficient tool for solving complex software development problems by providing:

  • Code reusability
  • Improved security
  • Ease of debugging and testing
  • Improved scalability and portability
  • Flexibility in designing complex systems
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OOP is still used today in many programming and scripting languages, and is a powerful tool for developing complex, well-structured systems. It enables developers to use a data-oriented paradigm to solve software development problems, gaining significant advantages in the process.

2. Benefits of OOP in Modern Computer Programming

Question: How has Object-Oriented Programming Benefitted Modern Computer Programming?

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) has become a ubiquitous part of modern computer programming, so much so that it is hard to imagine coding without it. OOP is an advanced programming technique which uses several of the same concepts we employ in our daily lives, such as objects, classes, attributes, and behaviors, that are represented in a programming language. The crucial advantages of OOP include the ability to model real-world entities, improved coding efficiency, and better software organization.

The Ability to Model Real-World Entities

One of the major benefits of OOP is that it enables programmers to model their applications after real-world entities. We can code objects and abstractions that interact like real-world counterparts and perform like the physical objects. An example of this could be the creation of a Car class in a racing game. The Car class encompasses all of the attributes that any typical car would have, such as acceleration, brake, colour, and maximum speed.

Improved Coding Efficiency

OOP can also be used to simplify complex coding projects. Programmers can use pre-built classes that can be customized to meet the individual needs of a project. This can greatly reduce the risks associated with coding since pre-existing classes are more likely to contain fewer errors. Additionally, OOP-based projects can be developed faster due to the ability to reuse code, components, and methods from preexisting classes.

Better Software Organization

Finally, OOP can really assist in keeping large projects organized. Code for each individual object can be easily located and managed due to its object-oriented nature. Additional security benefits also come unit testing and debugging, since it is simpler to find errors in segmented parts of the code. This makes it easier for developers to ensure that their code is bug-free before it is released.

In conclusion, Object-Oriented Programming has had a significant impact on modern computer programming. Its features have made it easier for developers to create complex applications. By enabling developers to model real-world entities, creating efficient code, and better organizing software, OOP has been a driving force in coding for decades and will likely continue for many more to come.

3. Potential Challenges of Object Oriented Programming

What Are the Potential Challenges of Object Oriented Programming?

Object oriented programming (OOP) is a programming methodology based on combining of data and procedures into unified objects. It aims to increase a program’s modularity, maintainability as well as its ability to accommodate future change. While it is widely used and accepted in the world of software engineering, there are several potential challenges of OOP.

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Regaining Complexity

When using OOP, developers tend to group components together into classes and subclasses which often results in higher complexity levels. This complexity can be extremely difficult to manage as the program grows in size. This limits a developer’s ability to see the bigger picture and makes it hard to make changes and identify program errors.

The Loss of Efficiency

When using OOP, it is common to have complex objects with multiple attributes and properties and this can lead to inefficiencies within the program as well as slower performance. This is especially true when performing calculations and data manipulation operations as overhead is often generated as the result of the need for object manipulation.

Object Reuse

Object reuse is the idea of reusing code by deriving objects from other objects. While this should be easier in theory, it tends to be difficult in practice when the code is non-trivial. This is due to the fact that it is often hard to identify where existing code should be reused or where new code should be written.

Error Tracking

Error tracking can be difficult in OOP as well due to the fact that objects are grouped together. OOP programming languages can also be more complex than procedural languages, making it harder to pinpoint exactly where an error occurred. As a result, errors can be difficult to detect and this can lead to a longer debugging process.


Object-oriented programming (OOP) has been a major component of computer programming since its introduction over four decades ago. Many developers rely on its methodology to structure and develop code bases. Throughout all this time, however, the use of OOP and its ultimate success has remained in a state of flux. In some times and places, OOP is used effectively and to great success, while in other circumstances it simply does not meet expectations. This leaves the question of whether OOP is still being used as it was meant in computer programming.
As the industry continues to evolve, it is becoming apparent that OOP is a critical component of modern software development. Despite its many successes, however, it is still subject to debate. Going forward, developers must carefully consider how to best implement and leverage OOP principles in the development of their software. It is an exciting time for the industry, and those who are interested in learning more should follow this blog for updates on the latest developments as well as new releases from the software development industry.

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